Atlas of Science: Images

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Part 4: Third Iteration of Exhibit (2007): The Power of Forecasts

Click on image to access credits or download high resolution image.

144-145

Third Iteration of Exhibit (2007): The Power of Forecasts


Image Credits

Overview of the third iteration: Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.


146-147

Tectonic Movements and Earthquake Hazard Predictions



Image Credits

Michael W. Hamburger and Chuck Meertens (data and visualization), Elisha F. Hardy (graphic design). 2007.
“Tectonic Movements and Earthquake Hazard Predictions.” Bloomington, IN, and Boulder, CO. portrait of Indiana University and UNAVCO Consortium.

Software Credits

Jules Verne Voyager Map Tool courtesy of UNAVCO.


148-149

The Oil Age: World Oil Production 1859 to 2050



Image Credits

Rob Bracken (writer), Dave Menninger (graphic artist), Michael Poremba (statistician), Richard Katz (catalyst). 2006. “The Oil Age: World Oil Production 1859-2050.” San Francisco, CA. Courtesy of San Francisco Informatics.

Data Credits

U.S. Energy Information Agency.

BP Statistical Review (June 2005).

Colin Campbell’s Oil Depletion Model, see Campbell 2003.

Campbell, Colin J. 2003. The Essence of Oil & Gas Depletion. Essex, UK: Multi-Science Publishing Company.

Software Credits

Open Office spreadsheet

Adobe Illustrator


150-151

Impact of Air Travel on Global Spread of Infectious Diseases


Image Credits

Vittoria Colizza (research and data), Alessandro Vespignani (research), Elisha F. Hardy (graphic design). 2007. Impact of Air Travel on Global Spread of Infectious Diseases. Bloomington, IN. Courtesy of Indiana University.

Data Credits

IATA data, see IATA, 2007.

IATA. 2007. International Air Transport Association Home Page. http://www.iata.org (accessed July 20, 2007).

U.S. Census database, http://www.census.gov, and the United Nations Statistics Database, http://unstats.un.org/unsd (accessed March 23, 2010).

Software Credits

ArcGIS software by ESRI (http://www.esri.com) was used for the visualization of simulated results. Simulation results were obtained with a simulation software written in C language developed by the authors, see both Colizza et al. 2006 references and Colizza et al. 2007.


152-153

[./logicaland] Participative Global Simulation


Image Credits

Michael Aschauer, Maia Gusberti, Nik Thoenen, Sepp Deinhofer (collaborator). 2002. “[./logicaland] Participative Global Simulation.”
Vienna, Austria. Courtesy of Michael Aschauer, Maia Gusberti, and Nik Thoenen, in collaboration with Sepp Deinhofer, http://www.re-p.org.

Data Credits

[./logicaland] http://logicaland.net/download.html (accessed June 10, 2008).

Software Credits

[./logicaland] is licensed under GNU GPL and source code is available at http://logicaland.net/download.html (accessed June 10, 2008).


154-157

Science & Technology Outlook: 2005–2055


Image Credits

Alex Soojung-Kim Pang, David Pescovitz, Marina Gorbis, and Jean Hagan. 2006. “Science & Technology Outlook: 2005-2055.”
Palo Alto, CA. Courtesy of The Institute for the Future.

Data Credits

The database is hosted by the Stanford University Foresight Research group, housed in the University’s Wallenberg Center.

IFTF database is hosted by the Stanford University Foresight Research group, housed in the University’s Wallenberg Center, see Stanford Humanities Laboratory 2006.


Image Credits

Image of Delta Scan home page courtesy of Stanford Humanities Laboratory.


Image Credits

Institute for the Future for the Horizon Scanning Centre of the UK Government’s Office of Science and Innovation. 2006.
“Delta Scan: The Future of Science and Technology, 2005-2055.” Stanford Humanities Lab/Metamedia.
http://humanitieslab.stanford.edu/2/Home
(accessed March 30, 2010).


158-161

113 Years of Physical Review


Image Credits

Bruce W. Herr II and Russell Jackson Duhon (data mining and visualization), Elisha F. Hardy (graphic design), Shashikant Penumarthy (data preparation),
Katy Börner (concept). 2007. “113 Years of Physical Review.” Bloomington, IN. Courtesy of Indiana University.

Data Credits

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office data sets downloadable from ftp://ftp.uspto.gov/pub/patdata (accessed March 30, 2010).

Physical Review data set was provided by the American Physical Society (APS), http://www.aps.org (accessed June 10, 2008).

Nobel Web AB. 2009. “All Nobel Laureates in Physics.” http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates (accessed August 16, 2009).

Thomson Reuters. 2010. “Web of Knowledge - Science.” http://isiwebofknowledge.com (accessed March 30, 2010).

Thomson Reuters. 2009. “Thomson Scientific Predicts the Nobel Prizes in 2008.“http://scientific.thomson.com/nobel (accessed August 16, 2009).

U.S. Census Bureau. 2000. “United States Census 2000.” http://www.census.gov/main/www/cen2000.html (accessed June 10, 2008).

Software Credits

Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science, Regents of the University of California, Santa Barbara. 2008. “
Tobler’s Flow Mapper.” http://csiss.ncgia.ucsb.edu/clearinghouse/FlowMapper (accessed February 5, 2010).


Image Credits

courtesy of the American Physical Society (APS).


Image Credits

Excerpted from “113 Years of Physical Review,” courtesy of Indiana University. Screenshot courtesy of Russell J. Duhon, rendered by Elisha F. Hardy.


Image Credits

Zoom excerpted from “113 Years of Physical Review,” courtesy of Indiana University.


Image Credits

Image excerpted from “Europe Raw Cotton Imports in 1858, 1864, and 1865” by Charles Joseph Minard, courtesy of the Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.


Image Credits

Continuous flow maps and discrete flow maps courtesy of Waldo Tobler @ CSISS.org.


Image Credits

Continuous flow maps and discrete flow maps courtesy of Waldo Tobler @ CSISS.org.


Image Credits

Continuous flow maps and discrete flow maps courtesy of Waldo Tobler @ CSISS.org.


Image Credits

Continuous flow maps and discrete flow maps courtesy of Waldo Tobler @ CSISS.org.


Image Credits

Continuous flow maps and discrete flow maps courtesy of Waldo Tobler @ CSISS.org.


Image Credits

Continuous flow maps and discrete flow maps courtesy of Waldo Tobler @ CSISS.org.


Image Credits

Flow Map Layout images, see Phan et al. 2005; used by permission.

Phan, D., L. Xiao, R. Yeh, P. Hanrahan, and T. Winograd. 2005. “Flow Map Layout.” Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization, 29: 219-224. http://graphics.stanford.edu/papers/flow_map_layout/flow_map_layout.pdf (accessed March 16, 2010).


Image Credits

Flow Map Layout images, see Phan et al. 2005; used by permission.

Phan, D., L. Xiao, R. Yeh, P. Hanrahan, and T. Winograd. 2005. “Flow Map Layout.” Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization, 29: 219-224. http://graphics.stanford.edu/papers/flow_map_layout/flow_map_layout.pdf (accessed March 16, 2010).


162-165

Mapping the Universe: Space, Time, and Discovery!


Image Credits

Chaomei Chen, Jian Zhang, Lisa Kershner, Michael S. Vogeley, J. Richard Gott III, and Mario Juric. 2007. “Mapping the Universe: Space, Time, Discovery!”
Philadelphia, PA, and Princeton, NJ.
Courtesy of Drexel University and Princeton University.

Data Credits

Sloan Digital Sky Survey. 2003. “SDSS Data Release 1.” http://www.sdss.org/dr1 (accessed June 10, 2008).

Thomson Reuters. 2008. “Web of Science.” http://scientific.thomsonreuters.com/products/wos (accessed June 10, 2008).

Software Credits

Chen, Chaomei. 2008. “CiteSpace: Visualizing Patterns and Trends in Scientific Literature.” http://cluster.cis.drexel.edu/~cchen/citespace (accessed June 10, 2008).


Image Credits

Zoom image: Chaomei Chen, Jian Zhang, Lisa Kershner, Michael S. Vogeley, J. Richard Gott III, and Mario Juric. 2007.
“Mapping the Universe: Space, Time, Discovery!” Philadelphia, PA, and Princeton, NJ. Courtesy of Drexel University and Princeton University.


Image Credits

All diagrams and CiteSpace screenshots courtesy of Chaomei Chen. See also Chen 2006.

Chen, Chaomei. 2006. “CiteSpace II: Detecting and Visualizing Emerging Trends and Transient Patterns in Scientific Literature.”
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 57, 3: 359-377.


Image Credits

All diagrams and CiteSpace screenshots courtesy of Chaomei Chen. See also Chen 2006.

Chen, Chaomei. 2006. “CiteSpace II: Detecting and Visualizing Emerging Trends and Transient Patterns in Scientific Literature.”
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 57, 3: 359-377.


Image Credits

All diagrams and CiteSpace screenshots courtesy of Chaomei Chen. See also Chen 2006.

Chen, Chaomei. 2006. “CiteSpace II: Detecting and Visualizing Emerging Trends and Transient Patterns in Scientific Literature.”
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 57, 3: 359-377.


Image Credits

All diagrams and CiteSpace screenshots courtesy of Chaomei Chen. See also Chen 2006.

Chen, Chaomei. 2006. “CiteSpace II: Detecting and Visualizing Emerging Trends and Transient Patterns in Scientific Literature.”
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 57, 3: 359-377.


Image Credits

All diagrams and CiteSpace screenshots courtesy of Chaomei Chen. See also Chen 2006.

Chen, Chaomei. 2006. “CiteSpace II: Detecting and Visualizing Emerging Trends and Transient Patterns in Scientific Literature.”
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 57, 3: 359-377.


166-169

Science-Related Wikipedian Activity


Image Credits

Bruce W. Herr II (data mining and visualization), Todd Holloway (data mining), Elisha F. Hardy (graphic design), Kevin W. Boyack (graph layout),
and Katy Börner (concept). 2007. “Science-Related Wikipedian Activity.” Bloomington, IN, and Albuquerque, NM. Courtesy of Indiana University.

Data Credits

Wikimedia Foundation. 2008. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://wikipedia.org (accessed June 10, 2008).

Software Credits

Wikimedia Foundation. 2008. “Index of /tools/: MWDumper.jar.” http://download.wikimedia.org/tools (accessed June 10, 2008).

Kleinberg, Jon. “Sample Results from a Burst Detection Algorithm.” http://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/kleinber/kdd02.html (accessed June 10, 2008).

Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center (http://cns.iu.edu), School of Library and Information Science, Indiana University, Bloomington. 2004.
“Software>Burst Detection.” http://iv.slis.indiana.edu/sw/burst.html (accessed June 10, 2008).

VxOrd, see Davidson et al. 2001.

Davidson, George S., Brian N. Wylie, and Kevin W. Boyack. 2001. “Cluster Stability and the Use of Noise in Interpretation of Clustering.”
Proceedings of IEEE Information Visualization 2001, 23-30. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE.


Image Credits

Screenshot courtesy of Bruce W. Herr II.

Image Credits

VxOrd layouts courtesy of Kevin W. Boyack.


Image Credits

Screenshot from Science-Related Wikipedian Activity courtesy of Bruce W. Herr II.


Image Credits

Excerpted from “An Emergent Mosaic of Wikipedian Activity,” by Bruce W. Herr II and Todd Holloway.
Courtesy of Indiana University.


170-173

Maps of Science: Forecasting Large Trends in Science


Image Credits

“Maps of Science: Forecasting Large Trends in Science, ” © 2007, The Regents of the University of California, all rights reserved.

Data Credits

Science Citation Index (SCI), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), and Arts & Humanities Index (A&HI) by Thomson Reuters, 2001-2005.
Scopus Database by Elsevier, 2001-2005.

Software Credits

VxOrd, see Davidson et al. 2001.

Davidson, George S., Brian N. Wylie, and Kevin W. Boyack. 2001. “Cluster Stability and the Use of Noise in Interpretation of Clustering.”
Proceedings of IEEE Information Visualization 2001, 23-30. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE.

VxInsight, see Davidson 1998.

Davidson, George S., B. Hendrickson, D. K. Johnson, C. E. Meyers, and Brian N. Wylie. 1998. “Knowledge Mining with VxInsight: Discovery Through Interaction.”
Journal of Intelligent Information Systems 11, 3: 259-285.

SciTech Strategies, Inc. 2008. “Maps of Science.” http://mapofscience.com (accessed June 10, 2008).


Image Credits (left)

Three graph layouts, see Kobourov and Wampler 2004, fig. 1, p. 208. © 2004, IEEE used by permission.

Kobourov, Stephen G., and Kevin Wampler. 2004. “Non-Euclidean Spring Embedders.”
Proceedings of IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization, 207-214.

Image Credits (right)

UCSD Map of Science and Mercator projection, Visualization of the ISI and Scopus Databases, and legend
courtesy of Richard Klavans and Kevin W. Boyack, SciTech Strategies, Inc., http://www.mapofscience.com (accessed June 10, 2008).


Image Credits

UCSD Map of Science and Mercator projection, Visualization of the ISI and Scopus Databases, and legend courtesy
of Richard Klavans and Kevin W. Boyack, SciTech Strategies, Inc., http://www.mapofscience.com (accessed June 10, 2008).


Image Credits

Screenshots of UCSD Map of Science with data overlays available at http://www.mapofscience.com, reproduced with
permission of Richard Klavans and Kevin W. Boyack, SciTech Strategies, Inc., http://www.mapofscience.com (accessed June 10, 2008).

Image Credits

Screenshots of UCSD Map of Science with data overlays available at http://www.mapofscience.com, reproduced with
permission of Richard Klavans and Kevin W. Boyack, SciTech Strategies, Inc., http://www.mapofscience.com (accessed June 10, 2008).


174-177

Hypothetical Model of the Evolution and Structure of Science


Image Credits

Hypothetical Model of the Evolution and Structure of Science, 2007.
Courtesy of Daniel Zeller, Pierogi Gallery, Brooklyn, and G-Module, Paris.


Image Credits

Superficial Inquiry, 2005; Microbial Interaction, 2005; Permeable Unit; Two Studies for the Hypothetical Model, 2007.
Courtesy of Daniel Zeller, Pierogi Gallery, Brooklyn, and G-Module, Paris.


Image Credits

Superficial Inquiry, 2005; Microbial Interaction, 2005; Permeable Unit; Two Studies for the Hypothetical Model, 2007.
Courtesy of Daniel Zeller, Pierogi Gallery, Brooklyn, and G-Module, Paris.


Image Credits

Superficial Inquiry, 2005; Microbial Interaction, 2005; Permeable Unit; Two Studies for the Hypothetical Model, 2007.
Courtesy of Daniel Zeller, Pierogi Gallery, Brooklyn, and G-Module, Paris.


Image Credits

Superficial Inquiry, 2005; Microbial Interaction, 2005; Permeable Unit; Two Studies for the Hypothetical Model, 2007.
Courtesy of Daniel Zeller, Pierogi Gallery, Brooklyn, and G-Module, Paris.


Image Credits

Superficial Inquiry, 2005; Microbial Interaction, 2005; Permeable Unit; Two Studies for the Hypothetical Model, 2007.
Courtesy of Daniel Zeller, Pierogi Gallery, Brooklyn, and G-Module, Paris.

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.