Atlas of Science: References

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197

Part 5: The Future of Science Maps

References

U.S. Army. 2010. “CSI Reprint: After Action Report by Joshua L. Chamberlain.” Command and General Staff College. http://www.cgsc.edu/carl/resources/csi/Chamberlain/CHAMBERLAIN.asp (accessed March 30, 2010). [Quotation]

Image Credits

Excerpted from: Palmer, Fileve, Julie M. Smith, Elisha F. Hardy, and Katy Börner. 2007. “Hands-On Science Maps for Kids.” Places & Spaces: Mapping Science. http://scimaps.org/exhibit_info/#Kids (accessed March 23, 2010).

198

Science Maps as Visual Interfaces to Scholarly Knowledge

References

Kahle, Brewster. 2007. “Universal Access to All Knowledge Is Within Our Grasp.” Presentation at Microsoft Faculty Summit 2007. Redmond, WA, July 16. Previously available at http://research.microsoft.com/workshops/FS2007/presentations/Kahle_Brewster_Faculty_Summit_071607.ppt (accessed January 1, 2008). [Quotation]

Otlet, Paul. 1934. Traité de Documentation: Le Livre sur le Livre—Théorie et Pratique. Brussels: Editiones Mundaneum, Palais Mondial, Van Keerberghen & Fils.

Identification and Preservation of Valuable Knowledge

References

Campbell, Laura. 2010. “Q&A: Digital Library Director Says Innovation, Leadership Require More Than a Vision.” ComputerWorld. http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/294195/Q_A_Digital_Library_Director_Says_Innovation
_Leadership_Require_More_Than_a_Vision?intsrc=hm_list
(accessed February 10, 2010).

Wesch, Michael. 2007. “Information R/Evolution.” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-4CV05HyAbM (accessed January 1, 2008).

Adding Value–Ratings & Context

References

Alexa Internet, Inc. 2008. Alexa Home Page. http://www.alexa.com (accessed March 1, 2008).

CondeNet, Inc. 2008. Reddit Home Page. http://reddit.com (accessed March 1, 2008).

Digg, Inc. 2008. Digg Home Page. http://digg.com (accessed March 1, 2008).

Garfield, Eugene. 2005. “The Agony and the Ecstasy—the History and Meaning of the Journal Impact Factor.” Presentation at the International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication. Chicago, IL, September 16. http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/papers/jifchicago2005.pdf (accessed June 10, 2008).

Icerocket. 2008. Icerocket Home Page. http://www.icerocket.com (accessed March 1, 2008).

Microsoft. 2010. Bing Home Page (formerly Microsoft Live Search). http://bing.com (accessed March 15, 2010).

Page, Lawrence, Sergey Brin, Rajeev Motwani, and Terry Winograd. 1998. “The PageRank Citation Ranking: Bringing Order to the Web.” Stanford Digital Library Technologies Project. http://infolab.stanford.edu/~backrub/pageranksub.ps (accessed June 2, 2008).

Journal Ranking. 2006. http://www.journal-ranking.com/ranking/web (accessed March 1, 2008).

Social Meter. 2010. Social Meter Home Page. http://www.socialmeter.com (accessed March 16, 2010).

Spurl ehf. 2008. Spurl.net 1.0 Home Page. http://www.spurl.net (accessed February 8, 2010).

Technorati, Inc. 2008. Technorati Home Page. http://technorati.com (accessed March 1, 2008).

Tucows, Inc. 2008. BlogRolling Home Page. http://blogrolling.com (accessed March 1, 2008).

WhoLinksToMe.com. 2010. “WhoLinksToMe: Reputation Management Reimagined.” http://wholinkstome.com (accessed March 30, 2010).

Yahoo! Inc. 2010. Yahoo! Home Page. http://www.yahoo.com (accessed March 30, 2010).

Yahoo!, Inc. 2008. Del.icio.us Home Page. http://del.icio.us (accessed March 1, 2008).

Collaborative Knowledge Production and Consumption

References

Connexions Project. 2008. Connexions Home Page. http://cnx.org (accessed March 1, 2008).

Industrial Memetics Institute. 2008. “MemeStreams: Science.” http://www.memestreams.net/topics/science (accessed March 1, 2008).

Ion Channel Media Group, Ltd. 2007. Biolicious Home Page. http://www.biolicious.com (accessed March 1, 2008).

Knowledge and Data Engineering Group, University of Kassel. 2008. BibSonomy Home Page. http://www.bibsonomy.org (accessed March 1, 2008).

Nature Publishing Group. 2008. Connotea Home Page. http://www.connotea.org (accessed March 1, 2008).

Odlyzko, Andrew. 2001. “Content Is Not King.” Technical report in First Monday 6. 2: February. http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_2/odlyzko (accessed January 1, 2008). [Quotation]

Oversity Limited. 2008. CiteULike Home Page. http://www.citeulike.org (accessed March 1, 2008).

Psychologie Information, ZPID Liebniz Institut und Saarländische Universitats und Landsbibliothek. 2008. PsychLinker Home Page. http://www.zpid.de/redact/category.php?cat=1 (accessed March 1, 2008).

Spalding, Tim. 2008. LibraryThing Beta Home Page. http://www.librarything.com (accessed March 1, 2008).

Warlick, David, and the Landmark Project. 2006. Landmark’s Son of Citation Machine Home Page. http://www.citationmachine.net (accessed March 1, 2008).

Yahoo!, Inc. 2008. MyBlogLog Home Page. http://www.mybloglog.com (accessed March 1, 2008).

Contributors

Filippo Menczer and Ben Markines.

Supporting Social Navigation

References

Ackerman, M. S. 1994. “Augmenting the Organizational Memory: A Field Study of Answer Garden.” ACM Transactions on Information Systems 16, 3: 203–224.

Ackerman, M. S., and D. W. McDonald. 1996. “Answer Garden 2: Merging Organizational Memory with Collaborative Help.” Proceedings of the 1996 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work: 97–105. Boston: ACM Press.

Fesenmaier, J., and N. Contractor. 2001. “Inquiring Knowledge Networks on the Web (IKNOW): The Evolution of Knowledge Networks for Rural Development.” The Journal of the Community Development Society 32, 1: 160–175.

Linden, G., B. Smith, and J. York. 2003. “Amazon.com Recommendations: Item-to-Item Collaborative Filtering.” Internet Computing IEEE 7, 1: 76–80.

Rocha, L. M., T. Simas, A. Rechtsteiner, M. DiGiacomo, and R. Luce. 2005. “MyLibrary@LANL: Proximity and Semi-Metric Networks for a Collaborative and Recommender Web Service.” Proceedings of 2005 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence (WI’05): 565–571. IEEE Press

Combining Top-Down and Bottom-Up Knowledge Organization

References

Library of Congress. 2008. “Library of Congress Classification Outline.” http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/lcco (accessed March 1, 2008).

National Center for Biotechnology Information. 2008. MeSH Home Page. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=mesh (accessed March 1, 2008).

OCLC. 2008. Dewey Services: Dewey Decimal Classification Home Page. http://www.oclc.org/dewey (accessed March 1, 2008).

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. 2008. “US Classes by Number with Title.” http://www.uspto.gov/go/classification/selectnumwithtitle.htm (accessed March 1, 2008).

Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries

References

Börner, Katy, and Chaomei Chen. 2002. “Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries: Motivation, Utilization and Socio-Technical Challenges.” In Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries, edited by Katy Börner and Chaomei Chen, vol. 2539: 1–9. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

CiNii. 2004. “Researchers Link Viewer.” http://ri-www.nii.ac.jp/ComMining1/index.cgi (accessed January 1, 2008).

Ellingham, H.J.T. 1948. “Divisions of Natural Science and Technology.” Reports and Papers of the Royal Society Scientific Information Conference. London: The Royal Society, Burlington House.

Hearst, Marti A. 1999. “User Interfaces and Visualization.” Modern Information Retrieval, edited by R. Baeza-Yates and B. Ribeiro-Neto, 257–323. New York: ACM Press/Addison-Wesley. http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~hearst/irbook/chapters/chap10.html (accessed January 1, 2008).

Ichise, Ryutaro, Hideaki Takeda, and Kosuke Ueyama. 2005. “Community Mining Tool using Bibliography Data.” Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Information Visualization, 953–958. Washington, DC: IEEE Computer Society.

Image Credits

From Ellingham 1948, © The Royal Society.

MEDLINE browser and screenshot, Antarctica Systems, Inc.; used by permission.

CiNii Link Viewer, used by permission, see also CiNii 2004 and Ichise et al. 2005.

Memory Palaces & Mirror Gardens

References

Anders, Peter. 1998. Envisioning Cyberspace: Designing 3-D Electronic Spaces, 34. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing.

Spatial Memory Organization

References

Lakoff, G. 1987. Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal About the Mind. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Yates, Frances A. 1999. The Art of Memory. New York: Routledge.

Virtual Online Spaces

References

Activeworlds Corporation. 2008. ActiveWorlds Home Page. http://www.activeworlds.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

Colbert, Jack. 2008. “Jack Colbert: ZoomInfo Business People Information.” http://www.zoominfo.com/people/Colbert_Jack_201967016.aspx (accessed March 30, 2010).

Puterbaugh, Mark. 2010. “Social Worlds, Libraries, the Future and Beyond!” http://vbiworld.blogspot.com/2007_01_01_archive.html (accessed March 30, 2010).

van den Besselaar, Peter, Isabel Melis, and Dennis Beckers. 2000. “Digital Cities: Organization, Content, and Use.” In Digital Cities: Technologies, Experiences, and Future Perspectives: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, edited by Toru Ishida and Katherine Isbister, vol. 1765: 18–32. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Collaborative Memory Palaces

Image Credits

Eduverse and Mirrorgarden images courtesy of Katy Börner.

Evolving Mirror Gardens

References

Börner, Katy, and Shashikant Penumarthy. 2003. “Social Diffusion Patterns in Three-Dimensional Virtual Worlds.” Information Visualization 2, 3: 182–198.

Gelernter D. H. 1992. Mirror Worlds: Or the Day Software Puts the Universe in a Shoebox … How It Will Happen and What It Will Mean. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Penumarthy, Shashikant, and Katy Börner. 2005. “Analysis and Visualization of Social Diffusion Patterns in Three-Dimensional Virtual Worlds.” In Avatars at Work and Play: Collaboration and Interaction in Shared Virtual Environments (Computer Supported Cooperative Work), edited by Ralph Schroeder and Ann-Sofie Axelsson, 39–61. Amsterdam: Springer-Verlag.

Xiong, R., and J. Donath. 1999. “PeopleGarden: Creating Data portraits for Users.” Proceedings of the 12th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, 37–44.

Implementation

References

Börner, Katy. 2002. “Twin Worlds: Augmenting, Evaluating, and Studying Three-Dimensional Digital Cities and Their Evolving Communities.” In Digital Cities II: Computational and Sociological Approaches. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, edited by Makoto Tanabe, Peter van den Besselaar, and Toru Ishida, vol. 2362: 256–269. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

200

Mapping Intellectual Landscapes for Economic Decision Making

References

Zachary, G. Pascal. 1997. Endless Frontier: Vannevar Bush, Engineer of the American Century. New York: Free Press. [Quotation, Vannevar Bush]

Monitoring Customer Activity

References

Burke, Raymond R. 2005. “The Third Wave of Marketing Intelligence.” In Retailing in the 21st Century: Current and Future Trends, edited by Manfred Krafft and Murali Mantrala, 113–125. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Chi, Ed H., P. Pirolli, K. Chen, and J. Pitkow. 2001. “Using Information Scent to Model User Information Needs and Actions and the Web.” Proceedings of the CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 490–497.

Eick, Stephen G. 2002. “Visual Analysis of Website Browsing Patterns.” In Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, edited by Katy Börner and Chaomei Chen, vol. 2539: 65–80. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Goodchild, Michael F. 2007. “Citizens as Sensors: The World of Volunteered Geography.” GeoJournal 69, 4: 211–221.

Google, Inc. 2010. Google Analytics Home Page. http://www.google.com/analytics (accessed March 11, 2010).

Leykin, Alex. 2007. Visual Human Tracking and Group Activity Analysis: A Video Mining System for Retail Marketing. PhD diss., Indiana University. http://www.cs.indiana.edu/cgi-pub/oleykin/website/download/thesis2007.pdf (accessed March 1, 2008).

Leykin, Alex, and Mihran Tuceryan. 2007. “Detecting Shopper Groups in Video Sequences.” Advanced Video and Signal Based Surveillance (AVSS). http://www.cs.indiana.edu/cgi-pub/oleykin/website/download/avss2007.pdf (accessed January 1, 2008).

Leykin, Alex, Yang Ran, and Riad Hammoud. 2007. “Thermal-Visible Video Fusion for Moving Target Tracking and Pedestrian Classification.” Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 1–8, June 17–22.

Exploiting Social Networks

References

Facebook, Inc. 2009. Facebook Home Page. http://facebook.com (accessed August 16, 2009).

Hobbs, Robert, and Mark Lombardi. 2003. Global Networks, edited by Judith Richards. New York: Independent Curators International.

LinkedIn Corporation. 2008. LinkedIn Home Page. http://www.linkedin.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

On, Josh. 2008. “They Rule.” http://www.theyrule.net (accessed October 30, 2007).

SourceForge, Inc. 2008. GenIsis Value Networks Suite Home Page. http://sourceforge.net/projects/genisis (accessed January 1, 2008).

Visible Path Corporation. 2007. VisualPath+ Home Page. Previously available at https://www.visiblepath.com/registration/vpHomePage.action (accessed January 1, 2008).

Image Credits

They Rule courtesy of Josh On.

Identifying Experts and Innovations

References

Cohen, Wesley M., and Daniel A. Levinthal. 1990. “Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation.Administrative Science Quarterly 35, 1: 128–152.

Griliches, Zvi. 1979. “Issues in Assessing the Contribution of R&D to Productivity Growth.” Bell Journal of Economics 10, 1: 92–116.

Jaffe, Adam B., and Manuel Trajtenberg. 1996. “Flows of Knowledge from Universities and Federal Labs: Modeling the Flow of Patent Citations Over Time and Across Institutional and Geographic Boundaries.” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series 5712. http://www.nber.org/papers/w5712.pdf (accessed January 1, 2008).

Jaffe, Adam B., Manuel Trajtenberg, and Rebecca Henderson. 1993. “Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 108, 3: 577–598.

Pakes, Ariel, and Kenneth L. Sokoloff. 1996. “Science, Technology, and Economic Growth.” PNAS 93, 23: 12655–12657.

Zucker, L. G., and M. R. Darby. 1996. “Star Scientists and Institutional Transformation: Patterns of Invention and Innovation in the Formation of the Biotechnology Industry.” PNAS 93, 23: 12709–12716.

Zucker, L. G., M. R. Darby, and J. Armstrong. 1998. “Geographically Localized Knowledge: Spillovers or Markets?” Economic Inquiry 36, 1: 65–86.

Communicating Intelligently and Effectively

References

Conklin, Jeffrey. 1987. “Hypertext: An Introduction and Survey.” Computer 20, 9: 17–41.

Conklin, Jeffrey. 2005. Dialogue Mapping: Building Shared Understanding of Wicked Problems. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Image Credits

Courtesy of Iceberg: Build Custom Workflow applications, http://geticeberg.com (accessed March 30, 2010).

Mapping the Future

References

Phaal, Robert. 2006. “Public Domain Roadmaps.” University of Cambridge and the Institute for Manufacturing. http://www.ifm.eng.cam.ac.uk/ctm/trm/documents/published_roadmaps.pdf (accessed March 16, 2010).

Mapping the Market

References

Hemscott, Inc. 2006. Hemscott Data Home Page. http://www.hemscottdata.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

Interactive Real-Time Data Services. 2008. “ComStock.” http://www.interactivedata-rts.com (accessed October 30, 2007).

Shneiderman, Ben. 1992. “Tree Visualization with Tree-Maps: 2-D Space-Filling Approach.” ACM Transactions on Graphics 11, 1: 92–99. See also http://www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/treemap-history (accessed February 10, 2010).

Shneiderman, Ben. 2006. “Treemaps for Space-Constrained Visualization of Hierarchies.” http://www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/treemap-history (accessed March 26, 2008).

SmartMoney. 2007. “Map of the Market.” http://www.smartmoney.com/marketmap (accessed February 10, 2010).

Thomson Reuters. 2008. “Thomson Reuters Financial. (Insider Trading Data).” http://thomsonreuters.com/products_services/financial (accessed February 10, 2010).

Zacks Investment Research. 2008. Zacks Investment Research Home Page (Earnings Estimates). http://www.zacks.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

Image Credits

Image obtained from http://www.smartmoney.com/marketmap; originally created by Martin Wattenberg, reseacher, IBM Watson Research Center.

Mapping the Economic Landscape

References

Feenstra, Robert C., Robert E. Lispsey, and Harry P. Bowen. 1997. “World Trade Flows, 1970–1992, with Production and Tariff Data.” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series 5910. http://www.nber.org/papers/w5910.pdf (accessed January 1, 2008).

Feenstra, Robert C., Robert E. Lipsey, Haiyan Deng, Alyson C. Ma, and Hengyong Mo. 2005. “World Trade Flows: 1962–2000.” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series 11040. http://cid.econ.ucdavis.edu/data/undata/NBER-UN_Data_Documentation_w11040.pdf (accessed January 1, 2008).

Hidalgo, Cesar A., B. Klinger, Albert-L. Barabási, and R. Hausmann. 2007. “The Product Space Conditions the Development of Nations.” Science 317, 5837: 482–487.

Kutz, Daniel. 2004. “Examining the Evolution and Distribution of Patent Classifications.” Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Information Visualisation (IV’04), edited by Ebad Banissi, 983–988. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society.

Simms, Andrew, Dan Moran, and Peter Chowla. 2006. The U.K. Interdependence Report: How the World Sustains the Nation’s Lifestyles and the Price It Pays. London: New Economics Foundation. http://www.neweconomics.org/gen/uploads/f2abwpumbr1wp055y2l10s5514042006174517.pdf (accessed October 30, 2007).

Data Credits

NBER–United Nations Trade Data, 1962–2000. http://cid.econ.ucdavis.edu/data/undata/undata.html (accessed March 1, 2008).

Image Credits

The Product Space map courtesy of Cesar A. Hidalgo.

Malaysia export maps courtesy of Cesar A. Hidalgo.

202

Science of Science Policy (Maps) for Government Agencies

References

Kelly, Kate, ed. 2007. Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences.

Marburger III, John H. 2005. “Address to the AAAS Forum on Science and Technology Policy, May 2005.” http://www.aip.org/fyi/2007/055.html (accessed January 1, 2008). [Quotation]

Toward a “Science of Science”

References

Bernal, John D. 1939. The Social Function of Science. London: Routledge & Kegan Ltd.

de Solla Price, Derek J. 1961. Science Since Babylon. New Haven: Yale University Press.

de Solla Price, Derek J. 1965. Little Science, Big Science. New York: Columbia University Press.

Garfield, Eugene. 1955. “Citation Indexes for Science: A New Dimension in Documentation Through Association of Ideas.” Science 122: 108–111.

Garfield, Eugene. 2007. “From the Science of Science to Scientometrics. Visualizing the History of Science with HistCite Software.” Proceedings of ISSI 2007: 11th International Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics I & II, edited by D. Torres-Salinas and H. F. Moed, 21–26. Madrid, Spain, June 25–27.

Glänzel, Wolfgang. 2006. “A Concise Introduction to Bibliometrics & Its History.” Steunpunt O&O Statistieken. http://www.steunpuntoos.be/bibliometrics.html (accessed January 1, 2008).

Pritchard, A. 1969. “Statistical Bibliography or Bibliometrics?” Journal of Documentation 25, 4: 348–349.

Nalimov, Vasily V., and Z. M. Mulchenko. 1969. Naukometriya: Izuchenie Razvitiya Kauki ka Informatsionnogo Protessa [Scientometrics: The Study of the Development of Science as an Information Process]. Moscow: Nauka.

Wouters, Paul. 1999. “The Citation Culture.” PhD diss., University of Amsterdam. http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/wouters/wouters.pdf (accessed October 30, 2007).

Funding Science

References

AAAS. 2007. AAAS Report XXXII: Research and Development Fiscal Year 2008. http://www.aaas.org/spp/rd/rd08main.htm (accessed January 6, 2008).

AAAS. 2008. “Trends in Federal Research by Discipline, FY 1970–2006.” http://www.aaas.org/spp/rd/discip06.pdf (accessed March 1, 2008).

AAAS. 2008. AAAS Report XXXIII: Research & Development Fiscal Year 2009. http://www.aaas.org/spp/rd/rd09main.htm (accessed October 6, 2009).

Lewison, Grant, Jonathan Grant, and Robert M. May. 1997. “Government Funding of Research and Development.” Science 278, 5339: 878–880. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/278/5339/878 (accessed January 1, 2008).

OECD. 2007. “Main Science and Technology Indicators (MSTI): 2007/2 edition.” http://www.oecd.org/document/26/0,3343,en_2649_201185_1901082_1_1_1_1,00.html (accessed March 1, 2008).

Image Credits

GERD as a Percentage of GDP source: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, October 2007, © OECD 2007.

AAAS Research and Development data visualized by Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.

Judging Research Quality

References

Royal Academy of Engineering. 2000. “Measuring Excellence in Engineering Research.” http://www.raeng.org.uk/news/publications/list/reports/Measuring_Excellence.pdf (accessed January 1, 2008).

SCImago Research Group. 2007. SCImago Journal & Country Rank Home Page. http://www.scimagojr.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

Thomson ISI. 2008. “ISI Web of Knowledge - ISIHighlyCited.com.” http://isihighlycited.com (accessed February 8, 2010).

Computing Funding Impact

References

Center for Economic and Policy Research. 2006. “Cost Effectiveness of 25 Most Cited Think Tanks.” http://www.cepr.net/documents/cost_effectiveness_think_tanks_2006.pdf (accessed March 1, 2008).

Boyack, Kevin W., and Katy Börner. 2003. “Indicator-Assisted Evaluation and Funding of Research: Visualizing the Influence of Grants on the Number and Citation Counts of Research Papers.” Journal of the American Society of Information Science and Technology 54, 5: 447–461.

Lewison, Grant, Jonathan Grant, and Robert M. May. 1997. “Government Funding of Research and Development.” Science 278, 5339: 878–880. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/278/5339/878 (accessed January 1, 2008).

Image Credits

Boyack and Börner 2003: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology: Special Topic Issue on Visualizing Scientific Paradigms 54, 5: 447-461. Reprinted with permission of John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Geography of Science

References

Leydesdorff, Loet. 2000. “Is the European Union Becoming a Single Publication System?” Scientometrics 47, 2: 265–280. [Quotation]

Small, Henry, and Eugene Garfield. 1985. “The Geography of Science: Disciplinary and National Mappings.” Journal of Information Science 11, 4: 147–159.

Wagner, Caroline S., and Loet Leydesdorff. 2005. “Mapping the Network of Global Science: Comparing International Co-authorships from 1990 to 2000.” International Journal of Technology and Globalisation 1 2: 185–208.

Wagner, Caroline S., and Loet Leydesdorff. 2005. “Network Structure, Self-Organization, and the Growth of International Collaboration in Science.” Research Policy 34, 10: 1608–1618.

Wagner, Caroline S., and Loet Leydesdorff. 2008. “International Collaboration in Science and the Formation of a Core Group.” Journal of Informetrics 2, 4: 317–325. http://users.fmg.uva.nl/lleydesdorff/cswagner07 (accessed April 7, 2008).

Image Credits

Batty, M. 2003. “The Geography of Scientific Citation.” Environment and Planning A 35, 5: 761–765. Used by permission of Pion Limited, London.

Science Dynamics

References

Boyack, Kevin W., Katy Börner, and Richard Klavans. 2007. “Mapping the Structure and Evolution of Chemistry Research.” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics, edited by Daniel Torres-Salinas and Henk F. Moed, 112–123. Madrid: CSIC.

Burke, James. 1978. Connections. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Chen, Chaomei, and Diana Hicks. 2004. “Tracing Knowledge Diffusion.” Scientometrics 59, 2: 199–211.

Georghiou, L. 1998. “Global Cooperation in Research.” Research Policy 27, 4: 611–626.

Image Credits

Images adapted from Boyack et al. 2007.

Scientific Wealth of Nations

References

Horta, Hugo, and Francisco M. Veloso. 2007. “Opening the Box: Comparing EU and US Scientific Output by Scientific Field.” Technological Forecasting and Social Change 74, 8: 1334–1356.

Igami, Masatsura, and Ayaka Saka. 2007. “Capturing the Evolving Nature of Science: The Development of New Scientific Indicators and the Mapping of Science.” OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers, 2007/1. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/11/40/38134903.pdf (accessed October 30, 2007).

Ingwersen, P., and B. Larsen. 2001. “Mapping National Research Profiles in Social Science Disciplines.” Journal of Documentation 57, 6: 715–740.

King, D. A. 2004. “The Scientific Impact of Nations.” Nature 430: 311–316.

Kostoff, R. N. 2004. “The (Scientific) Wealth of Nations.” The Scientist 18, 18: 10. http://www.the-scientist.com/article/display/14941 (accessed January 1, 2008).

May, Robert M. 1997. “The Scientific Wealth of Nations.” Science 275, 5301: 793–795.

Paley, W. Bradford. 2007. “Map of Science in the Journal Nature, SEED and Discover Magazines.” http://wbpaley.com/brad/mapOfScience (accessed August 16, 2009).

Paley, W. Bradford. 2007. “The Strength of Nations.” http://wbpaley.com/brad/mapOfScience/nations15_50pct.jpg (accessed June 10, 2008).

Zhou, Ping, and Loet Leydesdorff. 2006. “The Emergence of China as a Leading Nation in Science.” Research Policy 32, 1: 83–104.

Image Credits

Images courtesy of Kevin W. Boyack and Richard Klavans, SciTech Strategies, Inc., http://www.mapofscience.com, with source data from Thomson Reuters.

Data Credits

SciTech Strategies, Inc., based on data sourced from Thomson Reuters.

Contributors

Loet Leydesdorff, Caroline Wagner, Richard Klavans, Kevin W. Boyack, Ann Carlson, Maria Zemankova, Janice Hicks, Kaye Husbands, Arthur Ellis, Mike Pollard, Matt Probus, Israel Lederhendler, Timothy Lenoir, Bill Valdez, Karl Schroder, Kelly Streepy, Joan Shigekawa, John T. Bruer, and Yuko Harayama.

204

Professional Knowledge Management Tools for Scholars

References

Cronin, Blaise, and Carol A. Hert. 1995. “Scholarly Foraging and Network Discovery Tools.” Journal of Documentation 51, 4: 388. [Quotation]

Scholars as Researchers/Authors

References

Bar-Ilan, Judit. 2008. “Informetrics at the Beginning of the 21st Century—A Review.” Journal of Informetrics 2, 1: 1–52.

Harzing, Anne-Wil. 2008. “Research in International and Cross-cultural Management.” Harzing.com—Web Resources Page. http://www.harzing.com/resources.htm#/pop.htm (accessed March 1, 2008).

Leydesdorff, Loet, and Thomas Schank. 2008. “Dynamic Animations of Journal Maps: Indicators of Structural Change and Interdisciplinary Developments.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 59, 11: 1810–1818.

SCImago Research Group. 2008. “SJR—Country Ranking.” http://www.scimagojr.com/countryrank.php (accessed March 1, 2008).

Scholars as Editors

References

Goldstone, Robert L. 2005. “Returning to a New Home.” Cognitive Science 29: 1–4.

Scholars as Reviewers

No references or credits.

Scholars as Teachers

References

Chronicle of Higher Education. 2008. “Facts and Figures.” http://chronicle.com/section/Facts-Figures/58 (accessed February 10, 2010).

CINDOC-CSIC. 2008. “Webometrics Ranking of World Universities: Jan 08.” http://www.webometrics.info (accessed March 1, 2008).

QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2008. “QS World University Rankings.” http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings (accessed February 10, 2010).

U.S. News and World Report L.P. 2008. “America’s Best Colleges 2008.” http://grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-graduate-schools (accessed February 10, 2010).

Scholars as Inventors

No references or credits.

Scholars as Investigators

References

ProQuest LLC. 2010. COS (Community of Science) Home Page. http://www.cos.com (accessed March 16, 2010).

Scholars as Team Leaders and Science Administrators

No references or credits.

Effective Knowledge Management Tools for Scholars

References

Neirynck, Thomas, and Katy Börner. 2007. “Representing, Analyzing, and Visualizing Scholarly Data in Support of Research Management.” In Conference Proceedings of 11th Annual Information Visualization International Conference (IV’07), 124–129. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society Conference Publishing Services.

Image Credits

Coauthor Network, Investigator-Project Network, Travels and Project Timeline: Russell J. Duhon (data preparation), Elisha F. Hardy (design), Katy Börner (concept), Indiana University.

Contributors

Sumeet Ambre, Gavin LaRowe, and Russell J. Duhon set up the IVL PHP code base and provided expert advice; Elisha F. Hardy designed the Web interface; Russell J. Duhon and Elisha F. Hardy produced visualizations.

Storing and Accessing Information

References

Börner, Katy. 2006. “Semantic Association Networks: Using Semantic Web Technology to Improve Scholarly Knowledge and Expertise Management.” In Visualizing the Semantic Web, 2nd ed., edited by Vladimir Geroimenko and Chaomei Chen, 183–198. London: Springer-Verlag.

Mapping Geographic Knowledge Diffusion

References

Batty, M. 2003. “The Geography of Scientific Citation.” Environment and Planning A 35, 5: 761–765.

Börner, Katy, Shashikant Penumarthy, Mark Meiss, and Weimao Ke. 2006. “Mapping the Diffusion of Scholarly Knowledge Among Major U.S. Research Institutions.” Scientometrics 68, 3: 415–426.

206

Science Maps for Kids

References

Boecke, Kees. 1957. Cosmic View: The Universe in 40 Jumps. http://nedwww.ipac.caltech.edu/level5/Boeke/Boekem14.html (accessed January 1, 2008). [Quotation]

de Rosnay, Joël. 1975. Le macroscope. Vers une vision globale. Editions du Seuil. Translated by Robert Edwards in 1979 as The Macroscope: A New World Scientific System. New York: Harper & Row Publishers, Inc. http://pespmc1.vub.ac.be/macroscope (accessed January 1, 2008).

Science from Above

References

Austhink Software Pty Ltd. 2008. Austhink Home Page. http://www.austhink.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

Compendium Institute. 2008. Compendium Institute Home Page. http://compendium.open.ac.uk/institute (accessed March 30, 2010).

Conklin, Jeffrey. 2005. Dialogue Mapping: Building Shared Understanding of Wicked Problems. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Hook, Peter A., and Katy Börner. 2005. “Educational Knowledge Domain Visualizations: Tools to Navigate, Understand, and Internalize the Structure of Scholarly Knowledge and Expertise.” New Directions in Cognitive Information Retrieval, edited by Amanda Spink and Charles Cole, 187–208. Amsterdam: Springer-Verlag.

Inspiration Software, Inc. 2008. Inspiration Software Home Page. http://www.inspiration.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

L’Università della Svizzera italiana. 2008. Let’s Focus Home Page. http://www.lets-focus.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

McKim, Robert H. 1980. Thinking Visually: A Strategy Manual for Problem Solving. Lifetime Learning Publications.

Novak, Joseph D. 1994. “A Science Education Research Program that Led to the Development of the Concept Mapping Tool and a New Model for Education.” Proceedings of the First International Conference on Concept Mapping. Pamplona, Spain, September 14–17. http://cmc.ihmc.us/papers/cmc2004-286.pdf (accessed March 25, 2008).

Novak, Joseph D. 1998. Learning, Creating, and Using Knowledge: Concept Maps as Facilitative Tools in Schools and Corporations. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Novak, Joseph D., and Alberto J. Cañas. “The Theory Underlying Concept Maps and How to Construct and Use Them.” Institute for Human and Machine Cognition. http://cmap.ihmc.us/Publications/ResearchPapers/TheoryCmaps/TheoryUnderlyingConceptMaps.htm (accessed March 25, 2008).

West, C. K., J. A. Farmer, and P. M. Wolff. 1991. Instructional Design: Implications from Cognitive Science 58. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. [Quotation]

Mapping Inventions and Inventors

Image Credits

“Nature—Science Is All Around Us.” Original artwork by JoHanna M. Sanders.

Visual Interfaces to Educational Resources

References

Börner, Katy, and Chaomei Chen. 2002. “Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries: Motivation, Utilization and Socio-Technical Challenges.” In Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries, edited by Katy Börner and Chaomei Chen, vol. 2539: 1–9. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Institute for the Study of Knowledge Management in Education (ISKME). 2007. “Open Educational Resources (OER) Commons.” http://www.oercommons.org (accessed January 1, 2008).

National Science Digital Library. 2010. NSDL Home Page. http://nsdl.org (accessed March 16, 2010).

Science Maps in Teaching

References

Ke, Weimao, Katy Börner, and Lalitha Viswanath. 2004. “Analysis and Visualization of the IV 2004 Contest Dataset.” IEEE Information Visualization Conference 2004 Poster Compendium, 49–50. http://conferences.computer.org/InfoVis/files/compendium2004.pdf and http://iv.slis.indiana.edu/ref/iv04contest/Ke-Borner-Viswanath.gif (animated version) (accessed October 30, 2007).

Roberg, Nicole A. 2006. “Science Maps for Kids.” Presentation at the 10th International Information Visualisation Conference. London, UK, July 5–7.

Designing Macroscopes

Child Scientists

References

Benko, Hrvoje, et al. “Collaborative Visualization of an Archaelogical Excavation.” Columbia University. http://graphics.cs.columbia.edu/projects/ArcheoVis (accessed February 10, 2010).

Cornell Lab of Ornithology and Audubon. 2008. “Great Backyard Bird Count.” http://www.birdsource.org/gbbc (accessed January 1, 2008).

Dalton School. 2008. “Archaeotype.” Digital Dalton. http://intranet.dalton.org/DigitalDalton/projects/archaeotype.html (accessed March 25, 2008).

Groundspeak, Inc. 2008. Geocaching Home Page. http://www.geocaching.com (accessed March 25, 2008).

Indiana University Geological Sciences. 2010. “Princeton Earth Physics Project: About PEPP.” http://www.indiana.edu/~pepp/about.html (accessed March 12, 2010).

Schneider, Adam. 2008. “GPS Visualizer.” http://www.gpsvisualizer.com/examples (accessed March 25, 2008).

UCAR and Colorado State University. 2008. The Globe Program Home Page. http://viz.globe.gov (accessed March 25, 2008).

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010. “Encyclopedia.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclopedia (accessed February 8, 2010).

Exploring the Web of Knowledge

References

Angliss, Sarah and Maggie Hewson. 2001. Matter and Materials: Hands-On Science. Boston: Kingfisher.

Angliss, Sarah and Maggie Hewson. 2002. Hands-On Science. Boston: Kingfisher.

Burke, James. 1999. The Knowledge Web: From Electronic Agents to Stonehenge and Back—and Other Journeys through Knowledge, 21. New York: Simon & Schuster. [Quotation]

Burke, James. 2008. “The Knowledge Web: A Project of the James Burke Institute.” http://www.k-web.org (accessed April 7, 2008).

Chapman, Gillian, Pam Robson. 1995. Exploring Time. Minneapolis: Milbrook Press.

CBS Television. “Numbers.” http://www.cbs.com/primetime/numb3rs (accessed January 1, 2008).

Gombrich, E. H. 2005. A Little History of the World. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Hakim, Joy. 2004. The Story of Science, Book One: Aristotle Leads the Way. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books.

Hakim, Joy. 2005. The Story of Science, Book Two: Newton at the Center. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books.

Hakim, Joy. 2007. The Story of Science, Book Three: Einstein Adds a New Dimension. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books.

Shasha, Dennis. 1997. The Puzzling Adventures of Dr. Ecco. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications.

Shasha, Dennis. 2004. Dr. Ecco: Mathematical Detective (Codes, Puzzles, and Conspiracy). Mineola, NY: Dover Publications.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010. “Connections (TV Series).” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Connections_(TV_series) (accessed February 8, 2010).

Image Credits

Three images from James Burke, The Knowledge Web, used by permission.

Screenshot of the Knowledge Web interface courtesy of the Knowledge Web.

Computer Games

References

Activeworlds.com, Inc. 2008. Active Worlds: Educational Universe Home Page. http://edu.activeworlds.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

Anderson, Jacqueline M., Jeet Atwal, Patrick Wiegand, and Alberta Auringer Wood. 2005. Children Map the World: Selections for the Barbara Petchenik Children’s World Map Competition. Redlands, CA: ESRI Press.

Barab, Sasha, Tyler Dodge, Hakan Tuzun, Kirk Job-Sluder, Craig Jackson, Anna Arici, Laura Job-Sluder, Roberts Carteaux Jr., Jo Gilbertson, and Conan Heiselt. 2007. “The Quest Atlantis Project: A Socially-Responsive Play Space for Learning.” In The Educational Design and Use of Simulation Computer Games, edited by Brett E. Shelton and David Wiley. Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense Publishers. http://inst.usu.edu/~bshelton/simcompgames (accessed January 1, 2008).

Electronic Arts. 2001. SimCity Home Page. http://simcity3000unlimited.ea.com/us/guide (accessed January 1, 2008).

Electronic Arts. 2008. Spore Home Page. http://www.spore.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

Indiana University Learning Sciences. 2008. Quest Atlantis Home Page. Indiana University School of Education. http://atlantis.crlt.indiana.edu and http://atlantis.crlt.indiana.edu/public/welcome.pl (accessed January 1, 2008).

Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc. 2006. Civilization Home Page. http://civilization.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

Tom Snyder Productions. 2008. Tom Snyder Productions Home Page. http://www.tomsnyder.com (accessed March 25, 2008).

TryScience/New York Hall of Science. 2008. PowerUp Home Page. http://www.powerupthegame.org (accessed March 25, 2008).

Contributors

Patrick McKercher, Bonnie DeVarco, Stephen Uzzo, and Sasha Barab.

208

Daily Science Forecasts

References

Burke, James. 2007. Connections. New York: Simon & Schuster. [Quotation]

Everyday S&T for Everybody

No references or credits.

MarketSite Map

References

NASDAQ Stock Market. 2010. NASDAQ Home Page. http://www.nasdaq.com (accessed March 16, 2010).

Oculus Info, Inc. 2006. “Oculus Excel Visualizer.” http://www.oculusinfo.com/papers/ExcelVizWhitepaper-final.pdf (accessed January 1, 2008).

Image Credits

Image © 2000, The Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of the Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. Photo credit: Peter Aaron/Esto. Visualization software and implementation by Oculus Info, Inc.

Industry Pull and Science Push

References

National Science Foundation. 2006. “Sustaining America’s Competitive Edge: Enhancing Innovation and Competitiveness Through Investments in Fundamental Research.” NSF Workshop, Arlington, VA, December 3–5. http://enhancinginnovation.wustl.edu/Home.htm (accessed March 1, 2008).

SparkIP. 2008. Spark IP Home Page. Previously available at http://sparkip.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

S&T Forecast News Online
and in TV

References

Apple, Inc. 2008. iTunes Home Page. http://www.iTunes.com (accessed February 21, 2008).

Bloomberg L. P. 2008. Bloomberg Television Home Page. http://www.bloomberg.com/media/tv (accessed January 1, 2008).

Chastang, Julien. 2007. WeatherMole Home Page. http://weathermole.com/WeatherMole/index.html (accessed March 30, 2010).

Monmonier, Mark. 2000. Air Apparent: How Meteorologists Learned to Map, Predict, and Dramatize Weather. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

NASA. 2008. Science@NASA Home Page. http://science.nasa.gov (accessed January 1, 2008).

New York Academy of Sciences. 2008. “Science & the City: Webzine of the New York Academy of Sciences.” http://www.nyas.org/snc (accessed January 1, 2008).

The Scientist. 2008. The Scientist Home Page. http://www.the-scientist.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

Thomson Scientific. 2008. “Thomson Science Products & Services.” http://www.scientific.thomson.com/products (accessed January 1, 2008).

WGBH Educational Foundation. 2008. “NOVA Science Now.” http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/sciencenow (accessed January 1, 2008).

YouTube, LLC. 2008. YouTube Home Page. http://www.youtube.com (June 2, 2008).

Image Credits

Forecast image from istockphoto.com.

Public domain image from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Anatomy of S&T Forecasts

Learning from Weather Forecasts

References

Crowder, Bob, William J. Burroughs, Ted Robertson, Elinor Vallier-Talbot, and Richard Whitaker. 1996. Weather. Fairfax, VA: Time Life Education.

Richardson, Lewis F. 1922. Weather Prediction by Numerical Process. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

World Meteorological Organization. 2010. World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Home Page.http://www.wmo.ch/pages/index_en.html (accessed March 30, 2010).

Patchwork of Multiple Forecasts

Image Credits

Excerpted from: Michael W. Hamburger, Chuck Meertens (data and visualization), Elisha F. Hardy (graphic design). 2007. “Tectonic Movements and Earthquake Hazard Predictions.” Bloomington, IN, and Boulder, CO.

Excerpted from: Michael Aschauer, Maia Gusberti, Sepp Deinhofer, and Nik Thoenen. 2006. [./logicaland] Home Page. http://www.logicaland.net (accessed October 30, 2007).

Designing a Scalable Infrastructure

References

Atkins, Daniel E., Kelvin K. Droegemeier, Stuart I. Feldman, Hector Garcia-Molina, Michael L. Klein, David G. Messerschmitt, Paul Messina, Jeremiah P. Ostriker, and Margaret H. Wright. 2003. “Revolutionizing Science and Engineering Through Cyberinfrastructure: Report of the National Science Foundation Blue-Ribbon Advisory Panel on Cyberinfrastructure.” National Science Foundation. http://www.nsf.gov/od/oci/reports/atkins.pdf (accessed March 25, 2008).

Barroso, Luiz André, Jeffrey Dean, and Urs Hölzle. 2003. “Web Search for a Planet: The Google Cluster Architecture.” IEEE Micro 23, 2: 22–28. http://www.search3w.com/Siteresources/data/MediaArchive/files/Google%2015000%20servers%20secrest.pdf (accessed January 1, 2008).

Brin, Sergey, and Lawrence Page. 1998. “The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine.” Proceedings of the 7th International World Wide Web Conference. http://infolab.stanford.edu/~backrub/google.html (accessed September 30, 2009).

Cornell University Library. ArXiv.org Home Page. http://arxiv.org (accessed October 30, 2007).

Dimov, Dmitry, and Brian Mulloy. 2008. “Swivelpreview: About Us.” http://www.swivel.com/about (accessed June 2, 2008).

IBM, Inc. 2008. Many Eyes Beta Home Page. http://services.alphaworks.ibm.com/manyeyes/home (accessed October 30, 2007).

Knowledge and Data Engineering Group, University of Kassel. 2008. BibSonomy Home Page. http://www.bibsonomy.org. (accessed March 1, 2008).

Nature Publishing Group. 2008. Connotea Home Page. http://www.connotea.org (accessed March 1, 2008).

Ning, Inc. 2010. Ning Home Page. http://www.ning.com (accessed March 16, 2010).

Oversity Limited. 2008. CiteULike Home Page. http://www.citeulike.org (accessed March 1, 2008).

Pierce, Marlon E., Geoffrey C. Fox, Joshua Rosen, Siddharth Maini, and Jong Y. Choi. 2008. “Social Networking for Scientists Using Tagging and Shared Bookmarks: A Web 2.0 Application.” 2008 International Symposium on Collaborative Technologies and Systems (CTS 2008). http://grids.ucs.indiana.edu/ptliupages/publications/MSINetworkPortalFinal.pdf (accessed January 1, 2008).

Purdue University Network for Computational Nanotechnology. 2008. NanoHUB Home Page. http://www.nanohub.org (accessed March 1, 2008).

SciVee. 2008. SciVee Home Page. http://www.scivee.tv (accessed March 1, 2008).

SourceForge, Inc. 2008. SourceForge.net Home Page. http://sourceforge.net (accessed October 30, 2007).

SparkIP. 2008. Spark IP Home Page. Previously available at http://sparkip.com (accessed January 1, 2008).

Universities of Manchester and Southampton. 2008. My Experiment Beta Home Page. http://www.myexperiment.org (accessed March 1, 2008).

U.S. National Library of Medicine. 2008. MedlinePlus Home Page. http://medlineplus.gov (accessed March 1, 2008).

WebUpon Blog. 2006. Comment on “Google and Google Cluster Architecture.” Comment posted August 15, 2006. http://webupon.com/search-engines/google-and-google-cluster-architecture (accessed February 10, 2010).

Wikimedia Foundation. 2006-2009. “Wikimedia Servers/Hardware Orders—Meta.” http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Wikimedia-servers-2006-05-09.svg; http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimedia_servers (accessed January 1, 2008).

Wikimedia Foundation. 2007. “Ada Lovelace.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ada_Lovelace (accessed October 30, 2007).

Yahoo!, Inc. 2008. Flickr Home Page. http://www.flickr.com (accessed June 2, 2008).

YouTube, LLC. 2008. YouTube Home Page. http://www.youtube.com (June 2, 2008).

Valuing Collective Interpretation and Prediction

References

Aschauer, Michael, Maia Gusberti, Sepp Deinhofer, and Nik Thoenen. 2006. [./logicaland] Home Page. http://www.logicaland.net (accessed October 30, 2007).

Bettencourt, Luís M. A., Ariel Cintrón-Arias, David I. Kaiser, and Carlos Castillo-Chávez. 2006. “The Power of a Good Idea: Quantitative Modeling of the Spread of Ideas from Epidemiological Models.” Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 364: 513–536.

Electronic Arts. 2001. SimCity Home Page. http://simcity3000unlimited.ea.com/us/guide (accessed January 1, 2008).

Science and Technology Forecast Advantage

References

Bettencourt, Luís M. A., Carlos Castillo-Chávez, David Kaiser, and David E. Wojick. 2006. “Report for the Office of Scientific and Technical Information: Population Modeling of the Emergence and Development of Scientific Fields.” Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.osti.gov/innovation/research/diffusion/epicasediscussion_lb2.pdf (accessed June 2, 2008).

Ishizaki, Suguru. 2003. Improvisational Design: Continuous, Responsive Digital Communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Contributors

Stephen Uzzo, Ryutaro Ichise, Shravan Rajagopal, Ingo Günther, Elizabeth Kerr, and Peter A. Hook.

210

Growing a “Global Brain and Heart”

References

ThinkExist. 2010. “Dalai Lama Quotes.” http://en.thinkexist.com/quotes/dalai_lama (accessed February 16, 2010). [Quotation]

Facing Mankind’s Global Challenges

References

Diamond, Jared. 2004. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed. New York: Viking.

Glenn, Jerome C., and Theodore J. Gordon. 2007. 2007 State of the Future. “Millennium Project.” http://www.millennium-project.org/millennium/issues.html (accessed January 1, 2008).

International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. 2010. “The IUCN List of Threatened Species.” http://www.iucnredlist.org (accessed March 30, 2010).

Lomborg, Bjorn. 2004. Global Crisis Global Solutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press and Environmental Assessment Institute.

Sachs, Jeffrey D. 2005. The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time. New York: The Penguin Press.

United Nations. 2008. “The UN Millennium Development Goals.” http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals (accessed March 1, 2008).

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. 2010. “The World Factbook: United States.” https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html(accessed March 30, 2010).

World Bank. 2005. MiniAtlas of Millennium Development Goals: Building a Better World. Washington, DC: The World Bank Group. http://publications.worldbank.org/ecommerce/catalog/product?item_id=4724647 (accessed June 2, 2008). [Quotation]

World Resources Institute. 2007. “EarthTrends Database.” http://earthtrends.wri.org. (accessed June 2, 2008).

Aligning Science and Technology with Global Challenges

References

United Nations. 2008. “The UN Millennium Development Goals.” http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals (accessed March 1, 2008).

Union of International Associations. 2008. “Union of International Associations: UIA Online Databases.” http://www.diversitas.org/db/x.php (accessed January 1, 2008).

World Bank Group. 2009. “Online Atlas of the Millennium Development Goals.” http://devdata.worldbank.org/atlas-mdg (accessed March 16, 2010).

Contributors

Kevin W. Boyack and Patrick M. McKercher.

Bridging Disciplinary Boundaries

References

Burke, James. 1978. Connections. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. [Quotation]

Pink, Daniel. 2005. A Whole New Mind. New York: Riverhead Hardcover. [Quotation]

Image Credits

Global Brain Image from istockphoto.com, incorporating features from the Map of Scientific Paradigms (Boyack, Klavans, and Paley), with additional design by Elisha F. Hardy.

Growing a Global Brain

References

Bloom, H. 2000. Global Brain: The Evolution of Mass Mind from the Big Bang to the 21st Century. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Börner, Katy, Luca Dall’Asta, Weimao Ke, and Alessandro Vespignani. 2005. “Studying the Emerging Global Brain: Analyzing and Visualizing the Impact of Co-Authorship Teams.” Complexity: Special Issue on Understanding Complex Systems 10, 4: 58–67.

Guimera, Roger, Brian Uzzi, Jarrett Spiro, and Luís A. Nunes Amaral. 2005. “Team Assembly Mechanisms Determine Collaboration Network Structure and Team Performance.” Science 308, 5722: 697–702.

Growing a Global Heart

References

BrainyMedia.com. 2008. “Rabindranath Tagore Quotes.” Brainy Quote. http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/r/rabindranath_tagore.html (accessed June 2, 2008). [Quotation, Rabindranth Tagore]

The World Is Flat

References

Airports Council International. 2007. “Airports Welcome Record 4.4 Billion Passengers in 2006.” http://www.airports.org/cda/aci_common/display/main/aci_content07_c.jsp?zn=aci&cp=1-5-54_666_2__ (accessed June 2, 2008).

Friedman, Thomas L. 2005. The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Glenn, Jerome C., and Theodore J. Gordon. 2007. 2007 State of the Future. “Millennium Project.” http://www.millennium-project.org/millennium/issues.html (accessed January 1, 2008).

Collective Survival of the Fittest

No references or credits.

Competition and Cooperation

References

Axelrod, Robert. 1981. “The Evolution of Cooperation.” Science 211, 4489: 1390–1396.

Axelrod, Robert. 1984. The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books.

Axelrod, Robert. 2006. The Evolution of Cooperation. Rev. ed. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books Group.

Menard, Henry W. 1971. Science: Growth and Change, 195. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Nowak, Martin A. 2006. “Five Rules for the Evolution of Cooperation.” Science 314, 5805: 1560–1563.

Sober, Elliott, and David Sloan Wilson. 1988. Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Earth as Common-Pool Resource

References

Anodea, Judith. 2006. Waking the Global Heart. New York: Midpoint Trade Books. [Quotation]

Hardin, Garrett. 1968. “The Tragedy of the Commons.” Science 162: 1243–1248.

Lloyd, William Forster. 1833. Two Lectures on the Checks to Population. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ostrom, Elinor, Roy Gardner, and James Walker. 1994. Rules, Games, and Common Pool Resources. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Mind-Heart Symbiosis

References

Hofstadter, Douglas. 2007. I Am a Strange Loop. New York: Basic Books. [Quotation]

Image Credits

Global Heart & Brain images from istockphoto.com, with additional design by Elisha F. Hardy.

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.