IV.10 和 国家地理杂志的EarthPulse团队制作的全球主观幸福感映射图

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Adrian White

National Geographic EarthPulse Team

由国家地理杂志的“EarthPulse”以视觉引导的形式展示全球的趋势。它探究了我们与生动且充实的图像、地图、图表以及交互式视像设备的复杂关联,以此来说明我们当前的位置、我们如何达到这儿以及我们的行为可能如何影响未来地球上的生命。“EarthPulse”最早的第一期以主观幸福感(subjective well-being,简称SWB)的全球地图为特色。右边显示了世界上最幸福地区的排名。SWB的数据是2006年由Nic Marks,Saamah Abdallah,Andrew Simms和Sam Thompson的元分析方法来抽取的(http://happyplanetindex.org)。SWB的层次显而易见有一种贫困影响。该地图本身反映了对贫困和国内生产总值的其他预测。Adrian White通过对比有关SWB的数据,包括由联合国教育、科学及文化组织(the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ,简称UNESCO)提供的2005年受教育情况的数据,由联合国(United Nations ,简称UN)统计的2005年健康情况数据,以及从美国中央情报局(Central Intelligence Agency,简称CIA)下载的2006年贫困数据。最后发现SWB与健康情况、财富以及所受的基本教育关系密切。这更加说明了从全球的角度影响SWB的最大因素是贫困及其关联变量。欲了解详情,请访问http://nationalgeographic.com/earthpulse。

Translation by:

Yunwei Chen, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

References:

Marks, Nic, Saamah Abdallah, Andrew Simms, and Sam Thompson. 2006. The Unhappy Planet Index: An Index of Human Well-Being and Environmental Impact. The Happy Planet. Accessed August 29, 2011. http://www.happyplanetindex.org/public-data/files/happy-planet-index-first-global.pdf.

White, Adrian and the National Geographic EarthPulse Team. 2008. A Global Projection of Subjective Well-Being. Courtesy of National Geographic. In “4th Iteration (2008): Science Maps for Economic Decision-Makers,” Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Elisha F. Hardy. http://scimaps.org.

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.