VII.10 科幻小说的历史图

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Ward Shelley

Ward Shelley是一名纽约布鲁克林典型的威廉斯堡型的艺术家。他的作品包括一系列图表式的绘画作品以及绘画式的年表,表达的是一种关于艺术和文化与历史记录交织。此地图绘制了科幻小说文学类型从它的神话和奇幻小说起源到现在后星球大战空间歌剧史诗类型的转变。相较于从数据中叙事性的涌现,此地图用叙事性的结构来驾驭和组织数据:跨越方格从左至右表示的是时间的流动,并被扭曲变化成为大眼怪兽,怪兽的触角可追踪到史前资源,其身体则是科幻小说文学集合。科幻小说可以看做是启蒙运动(提供科学)和浪漫主义(产生了哥特文学)碰撞的后代。它不仅是科幻小说的来源,更是犯罪小说、恐怖小说、西方文学和幻想文学的起源(这些都能在他们各自的图形中得到验证)。科幻小说的发展跨越了一段不同寻常的时期,引用了包括了电影电视在内的几百个重要的作品和作者。

Translation by:

Yunwei Chen, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

References:

Shelley, Ward. 2011. History of Science Fiction. Courtesy of Ward Shelley Studio. In “7th Iteration (2011): Science Maps as Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries,” Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Michael J. Stamper. http://scimaps.org.

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.