VII.8 发现标准:元数据空间的可视化

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Devin Becker

Jenn Riley

北卡罗来纳州立大学的卡罗来纳数字图书馆和档案馆馆长Jenn Riley汇编了一个关于文化遗产及其相互关系的元数据标准数据库。爱达荷州立大学数字计划和学术交流图书馆员Devin Becker绘制了105个被广泛使用或认知的标准以协助设计者选择和实施元数据标准。元数据领域的可视化结果结合使用了世界地图和饼图,将元数据标准分成四个半球区域——社区、领域、功能和目标,并用饼图依据类目进行细分。特定分类下标准的优势由此类目下的综合选择、设计目标以及整体的适用性等所决定。星标志的使用是为了凸显在文化遗产社区中的明星元数据标准。这一混合的隐喻能帮助用户加强标准和他们的使用之间的不同关系,并可帮助减少面对所有标准时的困惑。

Translation by:

Yunwei Chen, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

References:

Digital Preservation Newsletter. News & Events – Putting Metadata on the Map (Library of Congress). Accessed September 5, 2011. http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/news/2010/20100726news_article_infographic.html.

Becker, Devin and Jenn L. Riley. 2010. Seeing Standards: A Visualization of the Metadata Universe. Courtesy of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and University of Idaho. In “7th Iteration (2011): Science Maps as Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries,” Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Michael J. Stamper. http://scimaps.org.

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.