II.2 制作的元素周期表

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Murray Robertson

John Emsley

如果没有元素周期表,化学课本、课堂、大讲堂、或研究实验室都是不完整的,早期的化学研究曾尝试按照揭示他们之间的相似性的方式整理已知元素。但是,门捷列夫在1869年发现将整理的元素纳入模式中是不够的;他意识到有一个自然规律可以将每个元素放在其已分配好的位置。这不仅适用于已知的元素,也为当时未发现的元素预留了空间。在门捷列夫之后的一个世纪中,科学家们创造了超过700个版本的元素周期表。该图所展示的元素周期表由Murray Robertson基于化学家John Emsley提供的科学数据所绘制。在可在线访问的交互式版本中,你可以点击一个元素,便可获取化学数据和其他相关信息。更多关于元素周期表的历史和逻辑关系可访问http://www.chemsoc.org/viselements。

Translation by:

Yunwei Chen, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

References:

Scerri, Eric R. 2007. The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Robertson, Murray, and John Emsley. 2005. Visual Elements Periodic Table. Courtesy of the Royal Society of Chemistry. Images © Murray Robertson 1999-2006. In “2nd Iteration (2006): The Power of Reference Systems,” Places & Spaces: Mapping Science, edited by Katy Börner and Deborah MacPherson. http://scimaps.org.

Acknowledgements: This exhibit is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0238261, CHE-0524661, IIS-0534909 and IIS-0715303, the James S. McDonnell Foundation; Thomson Reuters; the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, University Information Technology Services, and the School of Library and Information Science, all three at Indiana University. Some of the data used to generate the science maps is from the Web of Science by Thomson Reuters and Scopus by Elsevier. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.